COMPARISON OF DIAGNOSTIC METHODS AND TREATMENT OF ENDOMETRIOSIS OF ATYPICAL LOCATION

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Abstract

Surgical treatment and subsequent management of women of reproductive age with endometriosis of extragenital localization involving intestine, whose frequency is up to 37%, currently do not have a detailed and clearly described protocol, which may be caused by the complexity of diagnosis at the preoperative stage. In most cases, extragenital localization is an intraoperative finding. The purpose of the article is to evaluate the complexity of diagnosing the atypical location of extragenital endometriosis, systematize the diagnostic protocol and present the chosen treatment tactics. Material and methods. In the clinic of coloproctology and minimally invasive surgery, 4 observations of extragenital endometriosis with intestinal lesions were noted. According to the results of diagnostic studies (multispiral computed tomography - MSCT of the abdominal cavity with intravenous contrast, irrigoscopy with double contrasting, colonoscopy with biopsy), endometriosis was confirmed in 2 patients at the preoperative stage. All patients underwent surgical interventions in the volume of resection of the affected segment of the intestine within the unchanged tissues. Results. According to the intraoperative revision, in all patients there was noted the presence of additional extragenital foci of different localization, which were destroyed by diathermocoagulation. Patients with unverified endometriosis also underwent lymphadenectomy in D2 volume due to the inability to exclude malignant neoplasm. In the early postoperative period, no complications were noted. Only 1 patient decided to take hormonal therapy for 6 months after the operation. At present, none of the relapses have been observed, the mean follow-up time is 17.3 ± 13.6 months (4-33 months). In all patients there was recovered the menstrual cycle, menstruation moderately painful, previous abdominal pains before menstruation and spotting discharges from the rectum stopped. Conclusion. Surgical treatment of extragenital endometriosis of intestinal localization in the volume of resection of the affected intestine within the unchanged tissues is the optimal treatment technique and is not accompanied by significant complications. However, in cases of unverified histologically endometriosis, principles of oncological radicalism should be kept. To select the optimal volume of surgical intervention and access, a multidisciplinary consultation with the coloproctologist, gynecologist and with the obligatory consideration of the patient’s opinion is required.

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About the authors

D. D Shlyk

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

Yury E. Kitsenko

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: yury@kitsenko.ru
M.D., assistant of Department of Surgery, Faculty of Preventive Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

D. R Markaryan

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

V. I Lanchinskiy

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

I. A Tulina

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

P. V Tsarkov

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

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